Setting up Selenium WebDriver in your machine and running your tests using Selenium is pretty simple. We will go through each step one by one in Windows machine and ensure that you are able to run your first Selenium script (using Java programming language) without any roadblock.
1) Install Java and set Java Environment Variable Path
Java Development Kit (JDK) is an application to create and modify programs in Java. To install Java in your system, download JDK from Oracle JDK Downloads page. After download, go through the installation process and complete it. Once installation is complete, go to Environment Variables in your system and set up JAVA_HOME as system/user variable and include %JAVA_HOME%\bin in your path variable. To check whether Java has been successfully installed or not, open command prompt in your system, type java -version and press Enter. It should display the JDK version that your system is currently referring to.
2) Download Selenium Java Client Libraries and Browser Drivers
In this tutorial we will be running our Selenium tests using Java and hence we require to download the “Selenium Java Client Libraries”and “Browser Drivers” for respective browsers from the Selenium official download page.
To download the Selenium Java Client libraries, click on the “Download” link against “Java” (Figure below) and save the zip file in your file system of your machine. Extract the saved zip file and you will be able to see the jar files (shown in the figure below). Remember that some jar files will also be present inside the “libs” folder.
As discussed in the Introduction section, we also need to download the browser drivers for the browsers. For example, scroll down the webpage and you can click on the “latest” link against “Google Chrome Driver” to get redirected to the page from where you can download different browser drivers for different Google Chrome browser versions (Figure below). Choose the one according to the Chrome browser version in your system.
3) Download Eclipse IDE (or any Java IDE of your choice)
In this tutorial we will be using the popular “Eclipse IDE” to write and run our Selenium tests in Java language. You can use any other Java IDE of your choice like IntelliJ IDEA or NetBeans. To download Eclipse, go to the official Eclipse Foundation Page and download any one of the following Eclipse IDE packages:
– Eclipse Photon
– Eclipse Oxygen
– Eclipse Neon
– Eclipse Mars
– Eclipse Luna
Once downloaded, extract the zip file and click on “eclipse.exe” inside the eclipse folder to launch Eclipse IDE in your system.
4) Configuring Selenium in Eclipse
Selenium in Eclipse and to run your first Selenium test, follow the below steps
– Open Eclipse
– Create a new Java Project
– Check the project is set to Java 1.8 or higher
– Add the Selenium JARs
To add the Selenium jars, follow the below steps after creating a “libs” folder under the “FirstSeleniumTest” project (Right click on FirstSeleniumTest -> Click New -> Click Folder -> Enter Folder Name “libs” -> Click Finish).
Copy all the earlier downloaded Selenium JARS from your local file system and paste inside this “libs” folder in Eclipse. Then, add the JARS inside the libs folder to the project classpath like below (Right click on FirstSeleniumTest -> Build Path -> Configure Build Path -> Add JARS -> Click Apply -> Click OK)
Congratulations!! You have successfully configured Selenium in your Java project in Eclipse and you are set to run your first Selenium test.