Mobile Applications have become an essential part of any successful business. Hence, Mobile Application Development is growing across the tech industry and the trend will continue to grow in the coming years.

After a mobile application has been developed, one of the main goals is to provide the best experience possible to the end users. A thorough Mobile Application Testing is thus necessary to successfully release the app to the production environment. This can be done through testing manually or by using a test automation tool like Appium. A good test automation tool should be able to test for its functionality, usability and consistency.

Challenges of testing a Mobile App vary from limitations in device processing speed to multiple browsers/ platforms, multiple network types, limited memory size and different device communication protocols.

Mobile Applications can be of 3 types (Native Apps, Mobile Web Apps and Hybrid Apps). “Native” apps are the ones created using the SDKs (Software Development Kits) of Android, iOS or Windows. The “Mobile Web” apps are the ones which can be accessed using the mobile browsers like Chrome, Safari etc. “Hybrid” apps are the ones which have a wrapper around the “webview” native control that enables interaction with web content. All of these types can be tested through automation using Appium (along with your preferred language) on iOS, Android or Windows desktop platform.

Test Automation using Appium

The name “Appium” was derived from “Selenium for Apps” and is an Open Source Project donated to the JS Foundation in 2016. It was developed on the idea that including the SDKs or recompilation of the app should not be required while performing automation on the apps.

Next, let’s go through the architecture and see how Appium is designed.